Saint Petersburg Collection Russian Museum Malaga
Saint Petersburg Collection Russian Museum Malaga Address: Edificio de Tabacalera, Av de Sor Teresa Prat, 15.
The ancient tobacco building in Malaga was recently converted in the Russian Museum of Malaga after an agreement between the town hall of Málaga and Saint Petersburg. It holds an impressive collection of most of the Rusian masters and had an extraordaniry exhibit in 2017 of Kandinsky.The museum is a privilege for southern europe standards as no other museum holds such a wide and ample collection going from old Russian art to Neoprimitivism, works from the XVIII century,from Realism to Realism with Russian topics, the movement of “World of Art” but also the Avant-garde, Socialist Realism and art in the Melting.
The ancient tobacco building is a fantastic site on itself , build in 1920 and closed down in 2002. Firstly it opened partly for the car museum in 2010 and five years later the rest of the building opened up as The Russian museum.
Not only ehibitions but moreover each month several unique movies are shown about Russian culture in general and additionaly conferences are set up with well known speakers from Russia and beyond.From february 10th 2018 the annual expo will open with the art of Socialistic Realsim as a main theme as well as a special expo dedicated to Mikhail Schwartzman.
Socialistic Realism – Russian Museum Malaga
Socialist realism is a style of realistic art that was developed in the Soviet Union and became a dominant style in that country as well as in other socialist countries. A form of modern realism imposed in Russia by Stalin following his rise to power after the death of Lenin in 1924, characterised
in painting by rigorously optimistic pictures of Soviet life painted in a realist style.
Socialist Realism is the officially sanctioned style of art that dominated Soviet painting for 50 years from the early 1930s. The style and content was laid down by the state with the purpose of furthering the goals of socialism and communism.
Socialist realism is characterized by the glorified depiction of communist values, such as the emancipation of the proletariat, by means of realistic
imagery. Although related, it should not be confused with social realism, a type of art that realistically depicts subjects of social concern.
The result was a huge body of work by thousands of artists, the majority of which is stultifyingly boring and which has been mocked in the West ever since as “Girl meets tractor”.
However, among all this art there were some artists who, whilst working loosely within the structures of Socialist Realism, managed to create work of interest and originality.
The first exhibition organized by the Leningrad Union of Artists took place in 1935. Its participants – Mikhail Avilov, Isaak Brodsky, Piotr Buchkin, Nikolai Dormidontov, Rudolf Frentz, Kazimir Malevich, Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, and Alexander Samokhvalov among them – became the founding fathers of the Leningrad school, while their works formed one of its richest layers and the basis of the largest museum collections of Soviet painting of the 1930s-1950s.
While other countries have employed a prescribed canon of art, socialist realism in Soviet Union persisted longer and was more restricted than elsewhere in Europe.
The doctrine was formally proclaimed by Maxim Gorky at the Soviet Writers Congress of 1934, although not precisely defined. In practice, in painting it meant using realist styles to create highly optimistic depictions of Soviet life. Any pessimistic or critical element was banned, and this is the crucial difference from social realism. It was quite simply propaganda art, and has an ironic resemblance to the Fascist realism imposed by Hitler in Germany
In conjunction with the Socialist Classical style of architecture, socialist realism was the officially approved type of art in the Soviet Union for more than fifty years. All material goods and means of production belonged to the community as a whole; this included means of producing art, which were also seen as powerful propaganda tools.
The painter Aleksandr Deineka provides a notable example for his expressionist and patriotic scenes of the Second World War, collective farms, and sports. Yuriy Pimenov, Boris Ioganson and Geli Korzev have also been described as «unappreciated masters of twentieth-century realism».Another well-known ractitioner was Fyodor Pavlovich Reshetnikov.
Other outstanding artists of the 1930s include Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, Isaak Brodsky, Alexander Samokhvalov, Alexander Deineka and Yuri Pimenov. The middle of the century saw the emergence of Arkady Plastov and Vladimir Stozharov, and the 1960s brought the Severe Style of Victor Ivanov, Geli Korzhev, Viktor Popkov, Tair Salahov, Pyotr Ossovski, Pavel Nikonov and Nicolai Andronov. The quality of these artists is now being recognised and their works are becoming sought after.
The purpose was to elevate the common worker, whether factory or agricultural, by presenting his life, work, and recreation as admirable. In other words, its goal was to educate the people in the goals and meaning of communism. The ultimate aim was to create what Lenin called “an entirely new type of human being”, i.e. the new Soviet Man. Stalin described the practitioners of Socialist Realism as “engineers of souls”.
The first time the term «socialist realism» was officially used was in 1932. Art was to be simple, readable to ordinary citizens and have the maximum effect on them. After the Congress of 1934, the state laid down four basic rules for what became the template for “Socialist Realism”.
There were 4 main themes in this art form:
-Proletarian: art relevant to the workers and understandable to them.
-Typical: scenes of everyday life of the people.
-Realistic: in the representational sense.
-Partisan: supportive of the aims of the State and the Party.
The ultimate aim was to create what Lenin called «an entirely new type of human being»: The New Soviet Man. Art (especially posters and murals) was a way to instill party values on a massive scale. Stalin described the socialist realist artists as «engineers of souls.»
Painters would depict happy, muscular peasants and workers in factories and collective farms. During the Stalin period, they produced numerous heroic portraits of the dictator to serve his cult of personality—all in the most realistic fashion possible. The most important thing for a socialist realist artist was not artistic integrity but adherence to party doctrine After Stalin’s death in 1953, Nikita Khrushchev began to condemn the previous regime’s practice of excessive restrictions.
This freedom allowed artists to begin experimenting with new techniques, but the shift was not immediate. It was not until the ultimate fall of Soviet rule that artists were no longer restricted by the communist party. Many socialist realism tendencies prevailed until the mid-to-late 1990s and early 2000s.
OPENING HOURS / RUSSIAN MUSEUM MALAGA
Tuesday to Sunday 9:30 to 20:00 hrs
Closed on Mondays, 1 January and 25 December
Combinada (permanent plus temporary exhibition): 8,00 € (4,00 € reduced)
Exposición permanent: 6,00 € (3,50 € reducided)
Exposición temporal: 4,00 € (2,50 € reducided)
Reduced entrances for:
Over 65 yrs or Students under 26 yrs
Unemployed and under 18’s
Sunday from 16.00 hrs
There is limited parking at the Tebacalera building.
Entering Malaga from the Costa del Sol along Avenida Velazquez, you will turn right into Avenida Paloma and clearly see the Tebacalera at the end of Avenida Paloma.
Urban Bus 16 from Alhameda