Acinipo Ruins Address: MA-449, s/n, 29400 Ronda, Málaga
From Setenil we follow our road to El Gastor, the Balcony of Andalusia, and we’ll see a sign to Acinipo. Acinipo or Land of Wine is also known as Ronda La Vieja.
The site of Acinipo Ruins was already occupied before Roman expansion in Spain, being situated as it is on a high point above a large flat plateau. It was a Phoenician colony in the pre-Roman period. The site was important not only for its strategic location, but also as a junction. High up in the mountains, from Acinipo Ruins roads and passes lead down to the south coast, to the west coast at Cadiz, to the Guadalquivir valley and back east towards Antequera.
The city was important and wealthy, but began to fade in the mid 3rd century, gradually losing power and importance until the nearby Ronda (Arunda) took over the position of importance.
Ronda la Vieja’s best and most striking remain is the 1st century AD theatre, which stands at the summit of the hill visible from the rest of the city only as a high wall until you reach the building itself. It is remarkably well preserved, which is surprising considering the state of the rest of the site. It is possible to make out some buildings, but most of the city exists as rubble. Heaps of stone denote where buildings lie. With some work, Acinipo Ruins could be an amazing visitor site but, due largely to its extraordinarily out-of-the-way location, it is highly unlikely the government will ever pour enough money into it for that.
Belonging to the 1st century AD there can be seen a typical Roman urban design and buildings, being its best example the city’s theater, which can be dated, because of its technical building characteristics, as made in the 1st century AD.
In the same way, and in the centre of the hill there can be found the supposed rests of the Forum or Public square of Acinipo. Next to this social, political, economic and religious centre, and inside the wall surrounded area of the city, there have been found other public buildings like therms (public baths) existing nowadays three of its swimming pools,the theater, temples, remaining one of them undestroyed till the beginning of the 20th century, etc. This shows the urbanistic rise of Acinipo during the first centuries of the Roman Empire and the strong development shown by the city, as well as the stablishment and mantainance of a great Power.
On the contrary, and from the 3th century AD Acinipo Ruins, being in the 14th centuy AD when this urban site looses all its importance in the region, belonging from that time the region’s leadership to the close city of Arunda (Ronda).